Lizards are ectotherms, meaning they rely on external sources of heat to regulate their body temperature. As a result, they are not able to survive in cold climates during the winter months. To cope with this, many lizards go into a state of dormancy called brumation.
Brumation is similar to hibernation, but it is not as deep. During brumation, lizards will slow down their metabolism and heart rate. They will also become less active and may stop eating altogether. This allows them to conserve energy and survive the winter without having to find food.
Lizards can brumate in a variety of places, including:
- Underground burrows
- Hollow logs
- Under rocks
- Inside tree trunks
- In leaf litter
- In abandoned buildings
Some lizards will brumate alone, while others will brumate in groups. The length of time that lizards brumate for will vary depending on the species and the climate. In some cases, lizards may brumate for several months.
When the weather warms up in the spring, lizards will emerge from brumation and resume their normal activities.
Here are some specific examples of where different species of lizards go in the winter:
- Bearded dragons: Bearded dragons are native to Australia, where they live in arid regions. In the winter, they will often brumate in underground burrows.
- Leopard geckos: Leopard geckos are native to Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the winter, they will often brumate in rock crevices or under logs.
- Blue-tongued skinks: Blue-tongued skinks are native to Australia and New Guinea. In the winter, they will often brumate in hollow logs or under rocks.
- Iguanas: Iguanas are native to Central and South America. In the winter, they will often brumate in trees or hollow logs.
- Chameleons: Chameleons are native to Africa, Asia, and Europe. In the winter, they will often brumate in trees or bushes.
If you have a pet lizard, it is important to provide them with a suitable place to brumate during the winter. You can do this by creating a brumation chamber in their enclosure. A brumation chamber should be dark, cool, and humid. You can also provide your lizard with a hiding place, such as a box or log, where they can feel safe and secure.
when seeing Lizards in the wild
Lizards are fascinating creatures that play an important role in the ecosystem. They are also relatively common, so it is not uncommon to see one in the wild. If you do see a wild lizard, here are some things you can do:
- Observe it from a distance. Lizards are shy creatures and will often run away if they feel threatened. Try to avoid getting too close, as this could stress out the lizard.
- Do not handle the lizard. Lizards can carry diseases and parasites that can be harmful to humans. It is also important to remember that lizards are wild animals and should not be handled unless it is absolutely necessary.
- If you need to move the lizard, use a gentle hand and do not touch it directly. You can use a stick or other object to gently move the lizard to a safe location.
- If you see a lizard that is injured or sick, contact a wildlife rehabilitator. They will be able to provide the lizard with the care it needs.
Here are some additional tips for safely interacting with wild lizards:
- Be aware of your surroundings. Lizards can be difficult to see, so it is important to be careful where you step and sit.
- Be respectful of the lizard’s habitat. Do not damage plants or other structures that the lizard may be using.
- Do not feed the lizard. Wild lizards should not be fed by humans. This can make them dependent on humans for food and can also make them more susceptible to disease.
- Educate others about lizards. The more people know about lizards, the more likely they are to appreciate and protect them.
the different species of lizards:
- Bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps)
- Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius)
- Blue-tongued skink (Tiliqua scincoides)
- Green iguana (Iguana iguana)
- Veiled chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus)
- Jackson’s chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii)
- Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
- Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum)
- Horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum)
- Basilisk (Basiliscus basiliscus)
- Frill-necked lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii)
- Gerrhosaurus (Gerrhosaurus spp.)
- Tegu (Salvator spp.)
- Shingleback (Tiliqua rugosa)
- Monitor lizard (Varanus spp.)
- Skink (Scincidae spp.)
- Gecko (Gekkonidae spp.)
- Anole (Polychrotidae spp.)
- Agamid (Agamidae spp.)
- Iguanid (Iguanidae spp.)
- Chameleon (Chamaeleonidae spp.)
- Legless lizard (Pygopodidae spp.)
This is just a small sample of the many different species of lizards that exist in the world. There are over 6,000 species of lizards found on every continent except Antarctica. Lizards come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. They can be found in a variety of habitats, including deserts, forests, and rainforests.
Lizards play an important role in the ecosystem by helping to control insect populations. They are also a food source for many other animals, such as snakes, birds, and mammals.